A Maryland State Department of Education Resource


Black History Month Activities for Young Children

It's Never Too Early To Discuss Race and Diversity with Children!

Black History Month Activities for Young Children
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Black History Month Activities for Young Children

Illustrations of representations of five black history leadersIt’s Never Too Early: To Discuss Race and Diversity with Children!

February is Black History Month! It’s the perfect opportunity to teach the little ones about race and diversity. Below you will find at-home activities and book recommendations focused on black history, achievements, and race and diversity.

Valuing Differences:

  • Amazing Grace by Mary Hoffman
  • Bright Eyes and Brown Skin by Cheryl Willis Hudson & Bernette G. Ford
  • Shades of Black by Sandra L. Pinkney

Put non-breakable mirrors and brown, black, white, and red paints near the art area. Using the paints, ask the children to create their own skin tone for self-portraits.


  • The Story of Ruby Bridges by Robert Coles
  • Our Legendary Ladies Presents Harriet Tubman by Megan Callea
  • The Story of Rosa Parks by Patricia A. Pingry
  • We March by Shane W. Evans

Ask the children what the word “brave” means. Read any of the books listed above and talk about how the main characters were brave. For example, discuss why it was brave for Rosa Parks to select that particular seat on the bus.

Illustration of a boy who is reading and sitting on a stack of black history month booksInventions*:

  • Black Inventors for Kids!: Amazing African American Inventors Who Changed History by Ian D. Fraser
  • What Color Is My World?: The Lost History of African-American Inventors by Kareem Abdul-Jabbar

Label African-American inventions, such as an ironing board, lawn mower (play, of course), fire extinguisher, dustpan, baby buggy, guitar, or a mailbox. Call out each invention. Then ask the children to find and bring them back to the group. Ask, “How is it used?” and “Why is it important?”

Other examples of African-American inventions include potato chips, golf tees, stainless steel pads, horseshoes (plastic), pencil sharpener, hairbrush, or an ice cream scooper.


It’s Never Too Early: Book Recommendations to Discuss Race and Diversity with Children. Parents and families can use books as a conversation starter.

  • @MD_Early_Ed recommends “I Am Perfectly Designed,” by Karamo Brown, a book that celebrates loving who you are, exactly as you are.
  • Dr. Marietta Collins, a clinical psychologist at Morehouse School of Medicine, via @NYTIMES recommends “Something Happened in Our Town: A Child’s Story About Racial Injustice,” a book about a police shooting.
  • @PBSKIDS recommends “All Are Welcome,” by Alexandra Penfold, to celebrate diversity.
  • Dr. Y. Joy Harris-Smith, a lecturer at Princeton Theological Seminary, via @NYTIMES recommends “The ABCs of Diversity: Helping Kids (and Ourselves!) Embrace Our Differences.”
  • @PBSKIDS recommends “I am Enough,” by Grace Byers, a book about respecting others.
  • @VogueMagazine recommends “An ABC of Equality,” a board book introduces complicated concepts surrounding social justice to young children.
  • @Todaysparent recommends “What’s the Difference? Being Different is Amazing,” by Doyin Richards, which distills diversity and acceptance (for ages 2-10).
  • @Todaysparent recommends “A Is For Activist,” by INNOSANTO NAGARA. This board book introduces the letters of the alphabet with terms related to social justice, environmental justice, civil rights, LGBTQ rights, and other causes activists support (ages 0-3).
  • @latimes recommends the New York Times and Amazon bestseller “Antiracist,” by Ibram X. Kendi, a board book that empowers parents and children to uproot racism in our society and in ourselves.
  • @PBSKIDS recommends the New York Times and Amazon bestseller “Sulwe,” by Lupita Nyong’o, a picture book about a little girl who learns to embrace her unique self.
  • @Todaysparent recommends “All the Colors We Are,” by Katie Kissinger, a book that can free children from the stereotypes associated with skin color and help them build positive identities as they accept, understand, and value our rich and diverse world.
  • @Todaysparent recommends “Let’s Talk About Race,” by Julius Lester, a book that helps children ages 4-8 understand the similarities between people of different races, religions and cultures to help them connect with them and push past biases and stereotypes.
  • @Todaysparent recommends “I am Jackie Robinson,” by Brad Meltzer, a picture book that offers readers an inside look into his life growing up and playing ball, and all of the challenges he faced (for ages 4-7).
  • @KidLitTV_NYC recommends “You Matter,” by Christian Robinson, an impactful picture book about seeing the world from different points of view. 

The book recommendations have been compiled from news articles and educational websites. The books were not reviewed and/or endorsed by the Maryland State Department of Education. Visit The Black Inventor Online Museum for  a comprehensive list of black inventors. For individual inventors, please visit Preschool Plan-It.

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